Exclusion book


Editor : Lene Auestad



Book Information
  • Publisher : Karnac Books Book cover-9781782410256_FC
  • Published : 2012
  • Cover : Paperback
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Psychoanalysis
  • Catalogue No : 31186
  • ISBN 13 : 9781780490076
  • ISBN 10 : 1780490070


Thinking psychoanalytically about the nature of social exclusion involves a self-questioning on the part of the interpreter. While we may all have some experiences of having been subject to stereotyping, silencing, discrimination and exclusion, it is also the case that, as social beings, we all, to some extent, participate in upholding these practices, often unconsciously.

The book poses the question of how psychoanalysis can be used to think about the invisible and subtle processes of power over symbolic representation, in the context of stereotyping and dehumanization: What forces govern the state of affairs that determine who is an ‘I’ and who is an ‘it’ in the public sphere?

Thinking in terms of ‘containment’, a communication which is denied a social space for expression can be said to be actively stripped of meaning. Through its original contribution of attending to, and interpreting material that so far had seemed meaningless, psychoanalysis demonstrates a capacity to reinstall meaning where none was before – but how are such acts performed on a social level?

When common responsibility is displaced onto a suitable class or group and its representatives, the end point is reached when the individual is objectified and the social aspects of the process are no longer recognized. His or her position becomes an illegitimate one from which to speak – the person’s subjectivity is excluded. The book poses the question of how we can conceive of the ‘how’ and the ‘why’ of this phenomenon and of possible counter-actions.


‘Drawing on several contemporary forms of psychoanalysis and the social sciences, this collection of original theoretical and empirical contributions to a nascent European object relations perspective helps us to understand the current resurgence of social prejudice against ethnic minority groups and the scapegoating of them in the search for safety and fulfilment in the illusion of perfection. This is the first of a series of volumes building bridges between academic, clinical, and political work.’
– Earl Hopper, PhD, former President of the International Association for Group Psychotherapy, and psychoanalyst, group analyst, and organisational consultant in private practice in London

‘This brilliant collection of essays edited by Lene Auestad articulates diverse strands of psychoanalytic theory and offers lucid interpretations of a wide range of historical experiences of social and political exclusion. The volume widens our understanding of the logics of “othering” and violence that take place in our society. It adds a valuable resource to the growing interdisciplinary field of psychosocial studies, and particularly to the study of the intersection of politics and psychoanalysis.’
– Dr Margarita Palacios, Senior Lecturer, Department of Psychosocial Studies, Birkbeck College, University of London

‘Anyone who doubts psychoanalysis has useful things to say about the social world should read this book. It is, by any measure, an important contribution to our understanding of the politics of social exclusion and reminds us, once again, why the task of psychoanalytically informed social and political analysis remains urgent.’
– Peter Redman, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Open University; Editor of Psychoanalysis, Culture and Society

‘At a time of protracted economic crisis and global insecurity, malignant political developments such as resurgent nationalist extremism cast a shadow across Europe from Norway to Greece. This very timely volume goes beyond traditional forms of political analysis to examine the unconscious phantasies, powerful affects and nonrational dynamics which underpin attempts to establish new forms of national purity and racialised exclusion.’
– Paul Hoggett, author of Politics, Identity and Emotion

Notes about the author(s):

Lene Auestad is Research Fellow in Philosophy at the University of Oslo, and affiliated with the Centre for Studies of the Holocaust and Religious Minorities, Oslo. She moved to the UK to pursue long-standing interests in British psychoanalysis. Working at the interface of psychoanalytic thinking and ethics/political theory, her writing has focused on the themes of emotions, prejudice and minority rights. Recent articles have included ‘To Think or Not To Think’, in the Journal of Social and Psychological Sciences, and ‘Splitting, Attachment and Instrumental Rationality’, in Psychoanalysis, Culture & Society.


Introduction – Lene Auestad


The Dread of Sameness: Social Hatred and Freud’s ‘Narcissism of Minor Differences’ -Karl Figlio

Subjectivity and Absence – Prejudice as a Psycho-Social Theme – Lene Auestad

Metapsychological Approaches to Exclusion – Jonathan Davidoff

The Excluded in Identification – Calum Neill


True Believer: Racism and one Nazi Ideologist – Martyn Housden

Staring and Phantasy – A Speculative Attempt to Understand and Address the Widely Observed Misrepresentation and Exclusion of People with Disfigurements – Jane Frances

‘Who is afraid of DSM?’ The Place of the Subject in the Society of Therapy – René Rasmussen

Islamism and Xenophobia – Sverre Varvin

Traces of Trauma in Post-Conflict Guatemala. Theoretical Reflections on the Effects of Trauma on a Social Organization – Elisabeth Rohr


Psychoanalysis behind Iron Curtains – Ferenc Erós

The Extensions of Psychoanalysis: Colonialism, Post-Colonialism and Hospitality – Julia Borossa



Review by Svein Tjelta in Matrix 30 (2) 2013 (in Norwegian, text not on the web)

Review by Bengt Warren in Divan no 1-2 2015 (in Swedish, text not on the web)

Review by Ben Tyrer in Free Associations no 67 2015 (in English, open access)